Dental school has bumper interest

Posted on 14 November, 2012  in News

With a total of 1675 applications, this equates to 12 per every available place for medicine and 10 for dentistry; this includes around 14 and 16 applications per place respectively from prospective international students.

The figures are based on applications received through UCAS by the 15 October 2012. The new medical and dental school has 80 medical places (plus six international) and 64 for dentistry.

Building on the successful legacy of the former Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, last year PCMD received a ratio of fewer than eight applications per place for medicine and just under seven for dentistry.

The new schools were formed this year following the disaggregation of PCMD.

New dean, and former vice dean of PCMD, Professor Rob Sneyd said: ‘The past year has been about winning hearts and minds in addressing concerns over the viability of having two medical and medical/dental schools in the region, especially Plymouth as the smaller of the two. This is something we have never been in any doubt about, but I’m delighted that the application figures can now speak for themselves, especially given the first year was always going to be the most challenging one.’

Professor Wendy Purcell, vice-chancellor of Plymouth University added: ‘These application figures are testament to the excellence of our medical and dental schools’ unrivalled offer. We have an amazing team of world-class researchers, clinicians and academics who are dedicated to delivering a first class student experience and training doctors and dentists who are highly skilled and connected to their community. Our students are out there working with patients from day one, be it offering free dental care to over 5,000 local people per week or getting exclusive hands-on experience at Derriford Hospital, the region’s premier trauma centre – there is no better training ground and clearly this is being recognised by prospective students.’

£100,000 makeover launched

Posted on 12 November, 2012  in News

Dream Makeover Essex is a competition offering four people each the chance to win fabulous top-to-toe restyling worth up to £25,000 and realise their dreams for perfect eyesight, a perfect smile, great grooming and style.

It’s the brainchild of celebrity dentist, Ash Parmar, who owns Smile Design by Ash in Chigwell, Essex, and appears on TV’s Extreme Makeover UK and The Only Way is Essex, and refractive surgeon, C T Pillai, from Advance Vision Care, a corrective eye surgery clinic that’s based in London’s Harley Street.
Ash said: ‘The lucky winners will be one man and one woman from two age groups of 20-40 and 41-65. I have experienced how dream makeover can change people’s lives, increase confidence and self-esteem and give a new lease of life.’

The pair have now put together a team of professionals who have the skill and expertise to carry out the makeovers.

Treatments will include laser eye correction, cosmetic dentistry, facial aesthetics, personal training, beauty therapy and hair grooming,  a new wardrobe and style advice, plus Zoom! teeth whitening and a Philips sonic toothbrush – thanks to support from the competition sponsor, Philips Oral Healthcare.

As well as awarding four winners, everyone who enters the competition will receive a book of vouchers, valued at £650, to be used with the team of professionals creating the winners’ dream makeovers.

Judging will be carried out by top professionals in their field who will assess the photos and stories of each entrant to find the people who will benefit most from a restyle.

While the winners do not necessarily have to come from Essex, they will need to be able to get to the team of makeover experts, most of whom are based in the area.  

Those keen to undergo a revamp can enter the competition by visiting Entries close on 30 November.

Follow the links on Facebook and also on Twitter @dreamessex.

The makeovers will be revealed at a gala event to be held in March next year.

Back training places call

Posted on 10 November, 2012  in News

Young dentists are calling for support for their demand for the government to guarantee all graduates from UK dental schools a Dental Foundation Training (DFT) place.

The demand comes in the British Dental Association’s (BDA’s) newly published YDC Asks, a mini-manifesto for young dentists developed by the organisation’s Young Dentists Committee (YDC).

The committee is asking those who support it to sign a Government e-petition founded by YDC Chair Dr Martin Nimmo. The petition argues that the failure to allocate DFT places to UK graduates both wastes taxpayers’ money invested in their training, because denying each individual a DFT place means that they are prevented from providing NHS care, and is unfair to the graduates who taken on significant amounts of debt in order to complete their studies.

The launch of the petition follows a recent admission by the Department of Health (DH) that 35 UK graduates from the 2011 cohort have not been allocated DFT places. Each graduate, DH acknowledged, will have cost the public purse approximately £150,000 to train.

Dr Martin Nimmo, chair of the BDA’s Young Dentists Committee, said: ‘It is perverse that students who have strived hard to pursue a career in NHS care are being denied the training places they need to fulfil that ambition. This is a significant waste of taxpayers’ money, and a tragedy for the graduates who have taken on large amounts of debt in pursuing their vocation. Given that there are some areas of the UK where patients who wish to access NHS care cannot do so, it is also nonsensical.

 ‘I urge all current and potential members of the profession, and taxpayers, to join young dentists in calling for a guarantee that this farcical situation will never be allowed to happen again.’

YDC Asks also expresses concerns that robust data should be used in workforce planning, that barriers to young dentists becoming practice owners are mounting and that careers in dental academia and specialist training must remain viable options for young dentists.

Green veg fights mouth cancer

Posted on 8 November, 2012  in News

Mouth cancer awareness campaigners, the British Dental Health Foundation, believe the study is further evidence of the link between poor diet and mouth cancer, one of risk factors for developing the disease.

Cruciferous vegetables are from the vegetable family Brassicaceae and include broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, sprouts, watercress and radish.

The research1, which is presented in the Annals of Oncology, revealed that compared to men and women who ate no cruciferous vegetables, those who ate their greens vegetables at least once a week cut their risk of mouth cancer by almost a fifth (17%).
The benefits of cruciferous vegetables didn’t stop there. Results also showed the vegetables cut the risk of oesophageal cancer by more than a quarter (28%), colorectal and breast cancer by almost a fifth (17%) and kidney cancer by almost a third (32%).

Although the authors concluded the study provides ‘additional evidence’ on the benefits of cruciferous vegetables, chief executive of the British Dental Health Foundation, Dr Nigel Carter expressed a need for people to recognise the role poor diet plays when it comes to mouth cancer.

Dr Carter said: ‘Around a third of all cases of oral cancer are thought to be linked to an unhealthy diet. The Foundation recommends that people ensure they eat a healthy, balanced diet, with plenty of fruit and vegetables. There is also increasing evidence that suggests Omega 3, found in fish and eggs, can help lower risks of oral cancer, as can foods high in fibre such as brown rice, whole-wheat pasta, nuts and seeds.

‘The number of people being diagnosed with mouth, throat and food pipe cancer is continually rising. Researchers believe this is due to excessive smoking, drinking and an unhealthy diet among the young, while new research shows a dramatic rise in oral cancer as a result of the human papilloma virus and oral sex.

‘We must not forget tobacco is still the most likely cause of mouth cancer, linked to around three-quarters of all cases of a disease which kills one person every five hours in the UK. With new cases occurring all the time, too many people still remain unaware of the risk smoking poses. Encouraging people to quit smoking and pursue a healthy lifestyle would reduce the risk of developing oral cancer.”

The Foundation runs Mouth Cancer Action Month, supported by Denplan and Simplyhealth, throughout November under the tagline ‘If in doubt, get checked out’. The campaign aims to raise awareness of mouth cancer among the public, the risk factors associated with the disease and what the public should look out for. These include ulcers that do not heal within three weeks, red and white patches in the mouth and unusual lumps or swellings in the mouth.


1. C. Bosetti et al. Cruciferous vegetables and cancer risk in a network of case-control studies Ann Oncol (2012) 23(8): 2198-2203 first published online February 10, 2012 doi:10.1093/annonc/mdr604

Are you 100% clear?

Posted on 4 November, 2012  in News

The new law increases the percentage of hydrogen peroxide allowed in tooth whitening or bleaching products to 6%, subject to conditions, including first use by a dental practitioner or under their direct supervision.

The change follows as an amendment to the EU Directive 76/768/EEC concerning cosmetic products. The amending Council Directive 2011/84/EU was published in September 2011 requiring the UK government to amend the law. The Cosmetic Products (Safety) (Amendment) Regulations 2012 (The ‘regulations’) amend the previous regulations relating to tooth whitening.

The new regulations allow the use of hydrogen peroxide and other compounds or mixtures that release hydrogen peroxide, including carbamide peroxide and zinc peroxide to be used for tooth whitening. The maximum concentration that may be used for tooth whitening under the regulations is 6% present or released.

In very broad terms, a percentage expressed in terms of carbamide peroxide content will release one third of that level of hydrogen peroxide. So, the commonly used products containing 16% carbamide peroxide would be permitted under the revised regulations as they would be releasing less than 6% hydrogen peroxide.

“Securing this change has been a long, frustrating process, and the time it has taken to achieve has been detrimental because the number of cowboy bleaching outlets has increased. Although overdue, this is a positive step that will, I hope, mean a new era for patient safety. To make that a reality, Trading Standards will need to wield its new power against non-dental professionals effectively, and the GDC will need to maintain its efforts to prosecute such individuals. Dentists can help by reporting breaches to both bodies. This change is not the end of the road of course; we must now re-focus on the issues of the use of higher strength products and whitening for patients aged under 18. But this is a significant step, and it should be recognised as such” Dr Stuart Johnston
Member of the BDA Principal Executive Committee and chair of the Council of European Dentists Tooth Whitening Products Working Group

Only for you
Under the regulations, only dental practitioners can purchase tooth-whitening products containing or releasing up to 6% hydrogen peroxide. This may lead to dental professionals being asked to provide tooth-whitening products to individuals who are not under their care. It could be construed as a breach of the regulations if a dentist (or a practice) sold tooth-whitening products containing or releasing more than 0.1% hydrogen peroxide to someone other than a patient undergoing tooth-whitening treatment.

First cycle
There is a risk that a patient who has not had appropriate instruction on loading a home tooth-whitening tray with the tooth-whitening product and who has not received instruction on fitting the tray could be at risk of swallowing excess material. The requirement that the first use of each cycle is by a dental practitioner (or under their direct supervision), helps to allay these concerns.

The regulations do not set out how long the trays must remain in the mouth for the first use. This will be a clinical judgement. Make sure you keep a detailed contemporaneous record of the instructions given at the first appointment.

The requirement that the first use of each cycle is by the dentist (or under their direct supervision) means that tooth-whitening products containing or releasing more than 0.1% hydrogen peroxide cannot be sold to patients at reception or by post.

Under supervision?
The regulations do not set out who can provide tooth whitening under the dentist’s direct supervision. However, the GDC’s Scope of Practice sets out that hygienists and therapists can provide tooth whitening under the prescription of a dentist, if they are trained and competent. So, hygienists and therapists can administer the first use of tooth whitening, if an equivalent level of safety is ensured.

Trained and competent
The regulations do set out that the treatment is under the ‘direct supervision’ of the dentist but do not define this. In Maintaining Standards, the GDC used the term ‘direct personal supervision’ to indicate when the dentist was to be on the premises.

Home use
After the first in-surgery application, the patient can be provided with the tooth-whitening product for home use. If the patient requires additional product for that course of treatment, the product should be dispensed by the dentist or hygienist/therapist.  

The change in the law means dental practices can advertise tooth-whitening procedures using products containing or releasing up to 6% hydrogen peroxide. However, some ‘power bleaching’ and other in-surgery bleaching techniques rely on the use of products that contain or release more than the permitted 6% levels of hydrogen peroxide. It would be unwise to state, suggest or imply that such techniques are being offered and information placed in the public domain, such as practice websites, should take great care to avoid any words or images that would suggest the availability of these services.

Medical devices directive
Some manufacturers in Europe are marketing tooth-whitening products containing or releasing more than 6% hydrogen peroxide as medical devices. Even if a tooth-whitening product is marketed as a medical device, it falls within the regulations and the EU Directive. This means it is not possible to circumvent the regulations by using a product with a CE mark.

Under 18s
The regulations and EU Directive state the product should not be used on patients aged under 18. This means it is only possible to test products containing or releasing up to 0.1% hydrogen peroxide on patients under 18. It has been suggested that tooth-whitening products could be classified as a medical devices and, as such, The Cosmetic Products (Safety) (Amendment) Regulations 2012 do not apply. However, even where a product is marked with a CE mark, the regulations do apply. This may create a dilemma for dentists who consider it would be in the best interests of a patient under 18 years of age to provide tooth whitening to an isolated non-vital tooth. If a dentist wishes to provide treatment, they are advised to have a discussion with the patient/parents and document all consultations. In providing treatment in breach of the regulations, dental professionals leave themselves vulnerable to a complaint.

Breach of the regulations
The Consumer Protection Act 1987 imposes a criminal liability on those breaching safety requirements, which include a breach of the Cosmetic Products (Safety) (Amendment) Regulations 2012. The maximum penalty for breaching the regulations is a sentence of imprisonment not exceeding six months. The local authority has a duty to enforce safety provisions within its area. A Trading Standards officer has a right of entry into a dental practice (at a reasonable hour and on production of credentials, if asked) under Section 29 (2) of the Consumer Protection Act 1987.

Reporting of adverse effects
The EU, as part of the agreement to change the Directive, demanded there should be reporting of adverse effects. If dental professionals are treating a patient who experiences an adverse effect, they are advised to keep a record of this.

Indemnity and assistance
The proposed relaxation in the regulations to permit the use of higher strength products will significantly improve the unsatisfactory ethical and legal dilemmas that have been faced by dental practitioners, but some unwelcome anomalies remain and Dental Protection will make representations in this regard.

The regulations set out that products containing or releasing up to 6% hydrogen peroxide can be used, subject to conditions:
•    To only be sold to dental practitioners
•    For each cycle of use, first use by a dental practitioner or
•    Under their direct supervision, if an equivalent level of safety is to be ensured
•    Afterwards to be provided to the consumer to complete the cycle of use
•    Not to be used on a person under 18 years of age.

Members of Dental Protection are welcome to discuss this or any other issues. Call the helpline (0845 609 4000) or email